December 27, 2020
The Spaniards questioned the natives very closely regarding the location(s) of where they obtained the gold and other precious metals. It was obvious to the Spaniards that the Caribbean and Yucatán were not the primary source(s). The Maya said they had learned the art of gold smithing from the Toltec, sure, said the Spanish, but from where did they (the Toltec) obtain the gold? From the Aztec too, the Toltec had been their teachers as well. In some exasperation, the Spanish asked who had taught the Toltec. In answer, they said the great god Quetzalcoatl. Upon further questioning the Aztec ruler, Moctezuma revealed that there were three mines in his lands, one on the Pacific coast, one on the gulf coast, and one inland to the southwest.
Cortés sent men to investigate these revelations and found that these “mines” were not really mines at all. On the most part, it was found that the natives were panhandling from riverbeds.
While most “experts” in mining and metallurgy accept Cortés’s conclusion that the Aztec engaged in placer mining only, the issue is far from being properly resolved. Mining engineers in later times speak persistently about prehistoric mines. These claims on the most part are brushed aside as examples of old shafts begun by the Spaniards and abandoned by them. This however is not what the Aztec themselves reported. They said quite clearly that the Toltec possessed not only great skill as gold smiths but also, had the ability to mine it out of its hidden places in the rock of the mountain. The Aztec manuscript “Codice Matritense de la Real Academia vol VIII” a translation by Miguel León – Portilla says this about the Toltec: “The Toltec were skillful people; all of their works were good, all were exact, all well-made and admirable. Painters, sculptors, carvers of precious stone, feather artists, potters,
spinners, weavers skillful in all they made. They discovered the precious green stones, the turquoise and its mines, and they found the mountains hiding the silver and gold, the copper and tin”.
The Toltec most historians believe came to the central highlands of Mexico several hundred years before the birth of Christ. When they got there, they already knew the secrets of mining gold and other PGMs (Platinum Group Metals). The Aztec, a later and supposedly more “advanced” people; could only scrape the ground to obtain the gold, why?
The tremendous wealth recorded by the Spaniards at Seville, Seville being the official Port of Entry in to Spain of the New World’s plunder. The official records – “The Archives of the Indies” are still available and record for the period 1521 – 1525 134,000 pesos de oro. For the next five years looted from Mexico 1,038,000 pesos. 1531 – 1535 this with Peru’s loot 1,650,000 pesos. With Peru being the main source 3,937,000 pesos. The decade of the 1550s saw totals of 11,000,000 pesos. These numbers total over 6,000,000 ounces of gold and 20,000,000 ounces of silver. The Spaniards behavior in obtaining this hoard was abhorrent, they looted temples, graves, and used torture to ferret out hidden stashes, they diverted rivers, and their greed knew no bounds. The Aztec method of placer mining could not possibly have met these numbers. Eventually the Spanish courts began to impose restrictions on the exploitation of native labour because the conditions had become so harsh. Silver lodes such as at Potosi were discovered and worked, however, from then, the amount of gold obtained was never as much as in the beginning, nor was it ever understood how it was that the natives had amassed such incredible amounts of it. During the gold rushes of the 19th century, it was thought that Peru would provide the mother lode of the stuff that would make both the Klondike and Yukon look minor in comparison. At Chimu on the Peruvian coast, the explorer and mining engineer Alexander von Humboldt found a mass of gold buried in a tomb. He could not help but wonder what use the dead had for it. In addition, when, where and why had the custom developed? Moreover, who and for what reason were the Maya, Toltec and Aztec taught to go after the stuff and hold it? The people had always answered the gods echoing the bible’s Haggai 2:8 “The siluer (silver) is mine, saith the lord of hosts and, the gold is mine declares the lord of hosts”. But they called their god Quetzalcoatl, not Jesus. The catholic church per usual fucks this up by dedragonizing a dragon with a dragon that they have already dedragonized. From here time becomes immemorial and we wish we understood the Mayan calendar and the Hindu Yugas far better
The four great epochs in Hinduism are Satya Yuga, Treta Yuga, Dwapar Yuga, and Kali Yuga. Satya Yuga or the Age of Truth is said to last for 4,000 divine years, Treta Yuga for 3,000, Dwapara Yuga for 2,000 and Kali Yuga will last for 1,000 divine years—a divine year equaling 432,000 earthly years. Hindu tradition holds that three of these great ages of this current universe have already passed away, and we are now living in the fourth one—the Kali Yuga.
There is no clear mention here of the exact span of a year of life for demigods. However, the most recent interpretation of the Shrimad Bhagavatam seems to indicate that the duration of the Satya Yuga is equivalent to about 4,800 years of the demigods; the duration of the Dvapara Yuga is about 2,400 years; and that of the Kali Yuga is about 1,200 years of the demigods. Hence, one could probably infer from these statistics that one year of a demigod would be the equivalent of about 360 human years.
This would also lead us to believe that the Satya Yuga lasted for 4,800×360, that is, about 1,728,000 years. The Treta Yuga, on the other hand, went on for 3,600×360 years, which works out to 1,296,000 years. Similarly, the Dvapara Yuga continued for 2,400×360, that is, 864,000 years. The Kali Yuga is supposed to be the shortest of them all, lasting for only 1,200×360 years, which totals to 432,000 years. From the aforementioned statistic, it can be understood that the four Yugas follow a timeline ration of 4:3:2:1.
As mentioned earlier, each subsequent age is witness to a gradual decline of wisdom, knowledge, intellect, life span, physical and spiritual strength in humankind as a whole. This automatically also implies decline and destruction of dharma or righteousness.
- Satya Yuga
Dharma reigned supreme at this time, with human stature being estimated at 21 cubits. The average human lifespan at this point in time was 100,000 years.
- Treta Yuga
This Yuga witnessed the decline of virtue to a quarter of the previous one. Human stature was valued at 14 cubits and average human lifespan was 10,000 years.
- Dvapara Yuga
Virtue and sin were divided into equal halves. Normal human stature was 7 cubits and human lifespan went down to 1000 years.
- Kali Yuga
This Yuga has only one-quarter virtue and the rest is taken over by sin. Human stature is reduced to 3.5 cubits and average human lifespan is about 100 years. It is believed that, towards the end of this terrible Dark Age, average human lifespan would go down to 20 years.
Amongst the four era’s, the Satya Yuga is the first and the most significant one. This era began on Sunday, Vaisakhi Shukla Tritiya day which is also known as Akshaya Tritiya. This extends up to 17, 28,000 years. God incarnated in four forms i.e. Matsya, Kurma, Varaha and Narsimha in this era. Knowledge, meditation and penance would hold special importance in this era. The average height of people was more than what it is today. Every king would attain the pre-determined attainments and would experience bliss. All the four pillars of religion i.e. truth, penance, yagna (religious sacrifice) and charity were present in totality. The only text which was considered credible and was followed was Manu’s Dharma Shastra. Satya Yuga shall be established by Kalki again after the Kali Yuga.
At the end of this era when the Sun, Moon, Jupiter together enter Pushya Nakshtra that is the Cancer Zodiac then the Satya Yuga shall begin. During this time the stars/constellations shall become auspicious and radiant. As a result it shall accrue in the wellbeing of all creatures and the health will ameliorate. It is during this auspicious time that Vishnu’s Incarnation Kalki shall take birth in a Brahmin family. After this all the generations to come shall follow the ideals established by Bhagwan Kalki and shall engage in religious activities. Accordingly on the advent of the Satya Yuga all people shall engage assiduously in good, sublime deeds.
One shall witness the emergence of beautiful gardens, Dharmasthanas (Resting Inns) and majestic temples. One shall see the execution of many a huge yagyas. Brahmins, sages, ascetics according to their nature shall be absorbed in penance. Ashrams shall be devoid of the wicked and the deceits. This era shall usher better agriculture and one shall be able to grow all food grains in all seasons. People shall generously donate and will follow all the rules and regulations mentioned. The kings shall protect their subjects and earth very sincerely.
One sees the advent of religious sacrifices i.e. Yagyas in the Treta Yuga. One pillar of the four pillars of religion meets its end. People in this era will be truthful and would perform all the religious ceremonies according to the sacrifices. It is the Treta Yuga where one can see the overtures of Yagyas, religion and allied activities. People would beget desired fruits by performing actions, donations mentioned in the Vedas and by taking resolutions.
All people in this era were assiduous and active. The main religion of Brahmins was truth that is truthful speech, good conduct and love towards all creatures. The common religion of all the Brahmins was Yagyas, self-study and donation. The primary aim of Shudras was service towards Brahmins, Kshatriyas and Vaishyas. The duties of Kshatriyas and Vaishyas were the protection of people and agriculture, trade and poultry respectively. All people would sincerely adhere to their respective duties and as a result they would be blessed with celestial bliss.
The average life expectancy of a human in the Treta Yuga was approximately 3000 years. All the Kshatriyas born in this era were valiant, zealous, big thinkers, pious, truthful, beautiful, suitable to be blessed, revered and the protectors of all people.
There are only two pillars left of religion in the Dwapar Yuga. People were engaged only in penance and charity. They were kingly and pleasure seeking. In this era, the divine intellect ceased to exist, hence seldom anyone would be truthful. Consequently people were plagued by ailments, diseases and various types of desires. After suffering from these ailments people would perform penance. Some would also organize yagna for material benefits as well as for divinity.
The Kshatriyas in this era were humble and performed their duties by controlling their senses. The king would avail to the advice of the learned scholars and accordingly would maintain law and order in his empire. The king who was addicted to vices would definitely end up defeated. Kings were diligent in maintaining public decorum and order.
Kings would plan many a conspiracy surreptitiously along with the scholars. Strong people would execute work where execution of policies was involved. The king would appoint priests etc to perform religious activities, economists and ministers to perform monetary activities, impotent to take care of women and cruel men to execute heinous activities
Brahmins would attain celestial bliss by engaging in penance, religion, control of senses, restraint, yagna etc. Vaishyas would attain higher planes through charity and hospitality. The Kshatriyas would honestly execute all policies of law and order without being angry, cruel and being devoid of greed and consequently attained bliss. All people in this era were zealous, valiant, courageous and competitive by nature.
The duration and chronological starting point in human history of Kali Yuga has given rise to different evaluations and interpretations. According to the Surya Siddhanta, Kali Yuga began at midnight (00:00) on 18 February 3102 BCE in the proleptic Julian calendar, or January 3102 BC in the proleptic Gregorian calendar. This date is also considered by many Hindus to be the day that Krishna left Earth.
Hindus believe that human civilization degenerates spiritually during the Kali Yuga, which is referred to as the Dark Age because in it people are as far away as possible from God. Hinduism often symbolically represents morality (dharma) as a bull. In Satya Yuga, the first stage of development, the bull has four legs, but in each age morality is reduced by one quarter. By the age of Kali, morality is reduced to only a quarter of that of the golden age, so that the bull of Dharma has only one leg.